"while some glass ceilings have been shattered others remain but progress continues to be made"
"when there are no ceilings the sky's the limit "
Throughout history women had a very different role in the workforce then they do now, from being restricted to households to stepping outside the house to become lawyers, surgeons, entrepreneurs and top politicians. Kamala Harris, Jacinda Arden, Susan Wojcicki CEO of YouTube, Abigail Johnson CEO of Fidelity Investments, Mary Barra CEO of GM, or Marilyn Hewson, CEO of Lockheed Martin, Indira Nooyi CEO of PepsiCo to name a few. Women have marched long miles. Here is a brief look at how the women evolved.
From raising salaries to almost match that of men, entering job roles that were previously male-dominated, changing the game and opening doors for future generations.
The traditional role of homemaker prevailed throughout the 19th Century and 20th century as well.
Stereotypically, women didn’t attend college regularly like men. They used to focus on creating a stable and comfortable home life for their families. With no education, job opportunities were less.
With the cultural shift women got the opportunity to focus on, and prioritize, getting education, they had more opportunities and ultimately, more independence.
The societal changes and focus on education, has helped women close the wage gap. Working women are now making 80% of what men earn for the same job. This isn’t the exact number, but it is improving
National emergencies like World Wars during which women wear were encouraged to take manufacturing jobs to replace main men who were in the military services. Millions of women joined the workforce between 1914 and 1918, helping to fill the gap left by a generation of military men. Women worked as postal workers, they stood in factories and cleaned trains. They were earning more than they were before the war, but still being paid nearly half of what the men were for doing the same work and skills.
Sex Discrimination removal act.
The Sex Discrimination Removal Act of 1919 opened the doors for women to achieve degree, removing the discriminatory policies that disqualified women from certain positions on the grounds of sex. Although this was a big step forward for women, that didn’t mean that attitudes had changed at the workplace.
Women started entering the labour force in great numbers and strict segregation of women in certain occupations started lessening. New opportunities arose for female workers in traditional male occupations.
When the Parliament passed the Equality Act of 2010, which replaced that, along with a series of other anti-discrimination laws. This legally protected people from discriminating against women in the workplace and wider society.
The Industrial Revolution had a profound effect on the lives of women. They saw their role in society dramatically shift and many of them entered the workforce to support their families. The works which required heavy physical exertion and hence were restricted to men can now be performed simply by pushing buttons with new technologies.
At workplace they faced discrimination and poor treatment. As a result, the first feminist movements emerged out and sought equality, especially in terms of voting rights, maternity rights, equal pay, etc.
The electricity and innovation brought the devices which freed the housewife from household work.
"These innovations changed the lives of women”. The arrival of new technologies in households had an important impact on the women workforce and the economy."
Whereas men had previously performed teaching and clerical tasks, employees could have hired women for the occupation at lower salaries.
Differences in pay between the men and women were based on the assumption that men had to be paid enough to support family. Inequality in men and women scales still exists.
Women entrepreneurs -Women are making a move forward towards entrepreneurship. Women now have the resources and drive to create start-ups. With social media women are inspiring one another.
With this trend working women don't have to stick to a 9-5 schedule which is good for their busy lives. Now women are abandoning the traditional stay-at-home mum role that has defined women for centuries and changing the workplace by just being themselves.